Least irritating of the aluminum salts
Amino-guanidine – Similar to D-beta glucosamine, this is an anti-inflamatory agent and a building block to collagen and elastin. The D-beta isomer is the only isomer that the human body can utilize for this function. It works in combination with beta fructan to build stable mucopolysaccharides in the tissue.
Ascorbic Acid 20% - Also known as Vitamin C, this is a well documented antioxidant for the skin and is the main ingredient in the product in the Vitamin C Serum. It is well known that L-ascorbic acid is required for normal skin physiology (in smaller quantities), and in larger concentrations it is restorative to skin damaged by sun exposure, smoking, or improper nutrition (i.e., eating large quantities of sugar). This concentration also acts as a preservative for the product and is commonly used in food preservation. The L form is the only form that can be utilized in the formation with L-amino acids into collagen and elastin.
Apple Extract – A natural fragrance and antioxidant also containing the moisturizing malic acid.
Beeswax – From virgin bees, a non-toxic emollient and emulsifier.
Beta carotene – a powerful antioxidant which when split by the body forms 2 L-retinol molecules
Beta-Fructan – A polysaccharide that stimulates the immune function of the skin, found in mushroom extracts, documented in Japanese studies to improve immune function of the skin (and the entire body). This is a right-handed polymer (similar to aloe vera polysaccharides) that guides the activity of glucosamine into the cellular compartments that oversee the skin’s moisture retention.
Beta Glucan – Mushroom derived polysaccharides that enhance immune function (see beta fructan).
Beta-Glucosamine – Similar in structure to cellulose, in humans it is used in combination with beta fructan to build stable mucopolysaccharides in the tissue. It is an anti-inflamatory agent and a building block to collagen and elastin. The D-beta isomer is the only isomer that the human body can utilize for this function. It works.
Caprilic/Capric Triglycerides – Proven non-toxic emollient which prevents the loss of water from the skin. This is anti-fungal and is derived from milk fat and butter fat. They condition the glycol-proteins that connect epidermal cells, and improve the permeability barrier of the stratum corneum. See also milk caprilic/capric triglycerides.
Cetearyl Alcohol – An alcohol of a fatty acid found in egg yolks, which suppresses peroxidation of epidermal lipids; a non-toxic emulsifier.
Cherry Puree, Wild Cherry Bark Extract – These are soothing antioxidants.
Citric Acid – A beta hydroxy acid (BHA) which softens the skin and is an essential contributor to the formation of L-ATP, the body’s most important source of energy, found in all fruit.
Cocamidopropyl Betain – An amine found naturally in coconut milk combined with a glucosamine-like substance. It allows for foaming action and is a source for collagen building glucosamine. It also maintains the elasticity of the skin.
Coconut amino acids – an assitant to the lathering effect
Cyclomethicone and Dimethicone Copolyol, and Silicone – Increases the lining of hyaluronic acid and other mucopolyscccharides to protein in connective tissue and skin. Silicon is increasingly recognized as important in wound healing, anti-aging, and maybe acne control.
D-Beta Fructan – See beta fructan.
D-Beta Glucosamine – See beta glucosamine.
Essential Oils – Uses aromatherapy principals, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, and anti-viral.
Ethyl Hydroxide – A form of ethyl alcohol used a solvent in the Vitamin A/Glycolic Complex, in a very small amount that will not dry the skin.
Glycerin – Steam distilleds from sugar fermentation; improves the mobility of the right-handed ingredients through the dead stratum corneum.
Glycerol – Glycerin is an emollient that moisturizes the skin. It also enhances the mobility of right-handed ingredients to penetrate the dead stratum corneum.
Glyceryl Distearate – Improves the mobility of the D (right handed) ingredients to penetrate the stratum corneum.
Glyceryl Stearate – A non-toxic emulsifier.
Glycolic Acid Polymer – Found in all fruit; softens and exfoliates skin. In this polymer form it is not damaging to skin like glycolic acid can be.
Hamamelis Extract – An antioxidant extract that contains the powerful antioxidants L-eipgallocatechin (also found in green tea extract), D-gallocatechin and D-hamamelose which remove free radical damage and has a calming effect.
Jasmine Alcohol (Jasminol) – A natural preservative
Laurel Berry – A mild surfactant derived from milk fatty acids and laurel leaf.
Laureth 14 – A mild detergent found to be non-toxic.
L-ascorbic acid 20% - Anti-oxidant for the skin. It is required for normal skin physiology (in smaller quantities) and in larger concentrations it is restorative to skin damage by sun exposure, smoking, or improper nutrition (large quantities of sugar) It also acts as a preservative for the product and is commonly used in food preservation. The L form is the only form that can be utilized in formation with L-amino acids into collagen and elastin
L-Castor Oil – A natural oil that improves the slide (texture) of the skin; it is emollient and improves the absorption of active ingredients.
L-Lactic Acid – Derived from yogurt, this AHA finesses protein-softening and cell turnover with its left-hand orientation.
L-Malic Acid – Derived from green apples, increases cell turnover and increases skin softening.
L-Mandelic Acid – Derived from almonds, is a powerful antioxidant.
L-Retinol – See Vitamin A.
L-Tartaric Acid – Derived from grapes, increases cell turnover and increases skin softening.
Lycopene – Derived from tomatoes, it is a powerful antioxidant.
Malic Acid – An AHA found in berries, it promotes better circulation and healthier capillaries in skin.
Mango Extract – Aromatherapy.
Methylated Karate – Derived from shea butter as an emollient.
Milk Caprilic/Capric Triglycerides and Milk Caprylate/Caprate Triglycerides – Found in dairy butter and milk, they are fatty acids that are anti-fungal. They condition (soften) the glycoproteins of the skin; they moisturize the skin and improve the permeability barrier of the stratum corneum.
Niacinamide – B Complex antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties
PEG-150 – A non-toxic emulsifier.
Pentapeptides – Bioactive five-chain amino acids that reduce inflammation, relax muscles, and thus reduce fine lines and wrinkles.
Phenyl Butyl Nitrone – See spin trap.
Pineapple Enzymes – Also known as papain, this is a powerful enzyme that exfoliates the skin.
Plant Cellulose – Used as a skin emollient and/or texture that helps foaming action.
Plant Polysaccharides – Sugar polymers from flax; enhances immune function of the skin; thickens the emulsion and are emollient to skin.
Poly-Sorbate 80 – A non-toxic, non-comedogenic emulsifier.
Pomegranate – A powerful antioxidant.
Raspberry Extract – Aromatherapy.
Red Grapeseed – A powerful antioxidant.
Red Wine – A powerful antioxidant.
Rice Starch – Is soothing to the skin and has anti-inflammatory properties.
Salicylic Acid – A BHA commonly found in aspirin, it clarifies and exfoliates the skin. Has anti-inflammatory properties.
Shea Butter – From the karite tree, it contains L-phytosterols and D-alpha tecopherol (Vitamin E) to prevent lipid peroxidation in the epidermis. A natural decongestant.
Silicon – Important in wound healing, aging and maybe acne control.
Spin Trap – The most powerful antioxidant known, milligram per milligram. It does not destroy the free radical (rogue oxygen), rather it traps it and escorts it back to the respiratory cycle where it is utilized in tissue respiration.
Squalene – Derived from olives, it is similar in structure to human squalene and boosts the effectiveness of the left-handed L-lactic acid. It brings moisture to the epidermal lipid layer.
Succinic Acid – Produced from lichen, it has a mild surfactant action and benefits the succinic acid portion of the ATP-producing krebs cycle.
Sugar Polymers – Silky polysaccharides taken from flax, they thicken the formulation and are themselves emollient to the skin.
Vegetable Glycerin – Water soluble with emollient-like properties which soften and soothe the skin; it assists the outer epidermis is retaining moisture.
Vitamin A (L-Retinol) – The exact vitamin is an isomer utilized by the body for skin health, that is proper hydration, tone and color, and acts as a very powerful antioxidant just as it acts when the body produces it naturally.
Vitamin C – See ascorbic acid 20%.
Xanthan Gum – A natural thickener
Ylang-Ylang - Essential Oil that is for aroma therapy normalize sebum secretion